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How to Use Excel IMABS Function?

IMABS FunctionPin
IMABS Function

Excel is a spreadsheet program that is developed for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS. It helps to perform calculations on your PC. The purpose of this software is to do complicated calculations which are difficult to do manually. When we use complex numbers, sometimes, we need to get the absolute values of that numbers.

In this article, we will see how to use IMABS Function in Excel with its syntax, explanation, and examples. Let’s get started!! Get an official version of MS Excel from the following link:

Excel IMABS FunctionPin
Excel IMABS Function

Explanation of IMABS Function

  • It is one of the built-in functions in Microsoft Excel.
  • IMABS Function returns the absolute value of the complex number.
  • Generally, a complex number is in the form of (X+Yi) or (X+Yj).
  • For example, ( 2+3i), (6-2i) like that. The IMABS function will return positive absolute values of the complex numbers with negative signs. Example: “6-2i” will return the total value “6.32455532”.


  • Here, you will see the syntax of the IMABS function.
  • To apply this function on your spreadsheet, you have to select a cell and enter the formula in the following format.
  • Once you enter the formula, just click on the Enter button to get the result.


Argument Explanation

Inumber – The complex number for which you want to find the absolute value.

1) The absolute value of the Complex number is calculated as follows.
2) IMABS ( z ) = |Z| = √x² + y² where ( Z = X+Yi )
3) X and Y are real numbers, and i or j is an imaginary number.
4) X is a real part, Yi is an imaginary part. 5) You can use a COMPLEX Function to convert real and imaginary coefficients to a complex number.

Practical Examples

Let’s see an example to know how IMABS Function works in the Excel spreadsheet.

  • Initially, you have to open your Excel workbook on your PC and launch a worksheet that has data.
  • For example, we have shown you Complex numbers in Column B, and we will get the absolute value of that numbers.
Input RangePin
Input Range
  • Then, you have to enter the formula in the cell as shown below to get the result.
Enter the formulaPin
Enter the formula
  • After entering the formula, you need to click the Enter button to get the output, as shown below. You can drag down the cell to fill the remaining cells.


This article can understand how to use Excel IMABS Function with its syntax, description, and examples. Drop your feedback in the below comment section. To learn more about Excel functions, then visit our webpage

Video Tutorial

By seeing the following video, you can easily apply the IMABS function in the Excel spreadsheet.

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