# How to Use Excel DVAR Function?

Excel DVAR Function: Excel is a spreadsheet program developed for WindowsMacAndroid, and iOS. It helps to perform calculations on your PC. You can also use graphic tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). We can use the DVAR function to get the variance of a sample extracted from records based on the given criteria.

In this article, we are going to explore how to use the Excel DVAR Function with its syntax, explanation, and example. Get an official version of MS Excel from the following link:

https://www.microsoft.com/en-in/microsoft-365/excel

## Explanation of DVAR Function

• Here, you will see the syntax of the DVAR function.
• This function returns the variance of a sample taken from the list or database based on the given condition or criteria.

## Syntax

• Here, you will see the syntax of the DVAR function.
• To apply this function on your spreadsheet, you have to select a cell and enter the formula in the following format.
• Once you enter the formula, just click on the button to get the result.

=DVAR(database, field, criteria)

Arguments Description:

• Database – It is the database range including headers.
• Field – It is an optional one. This is the field name or index to count.
• Criteria – It is the criteria range including headers.

Note:
1) You need to give the field argument as a name within the double quotes (” “) or a number representing the field index.
2) The database and criteria range must include the matching table headers.
3) If you didn’t give the field argument as a name within the double quotes (” “), then it returns #NAME? Error.

## Examples

Let’s see some examples to make you understand this concept easily.

• Initially, you have to open your Excel workbook on your PC and launch a worksheet that has data.
• For example, we have given a range of input values in B5:E10 and the criteria range (B2:E3). The given condition is “Product=Pencil, Qty>3” and the output is displayed in Cell G6.
• Then, we have to apply the above-mentioned formula to get the result, as shown in the following screenshot.
• Finally, we need to click on the button to get the result.
• If you didn’t give the field argument as a name within the double quotes (” “), then it returns #NAME? Error.

### Multi-row Criteria

• Multi-row criteria have one or more rows below the headers. These are joined by using OR logic.
• The expressions in a given criteria row are joined with AND logic.